LIBRARY: Tutorials Reviews Interviews Editorials Features Business Authors RSS Feed

SMPTE standard put forward for closed captioning of online video

COW Library : Closed Captioning : Debra Kaufman : SMPTE standard put forward for closed captioning of online video
CreativeCOW presents SMPTE standard put forward for closed captioning of online video -- Closed Captioning Feature


CreativeCOW.net. All rights reserved.


We've all gotten used to watching video--lots of it--on desktops, laptops and mobile devices. Whether it's an episode of a TV show on Hulu, catching up on your favorite HBO series, or just watching YouTube videos, everyone does it.

Everyone, that is, except those people who need closed captioning to understand and enjoy video content.

That's about to change. On October 8, 2010, the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act (CVAA), sponsored by Senator Mark Pryor (D-Arizona), was signed into law by President Obama. The Act is intended to ensure accessibility, usage and affordability for disabled persons to broadband, wireless and Internet technologies. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, in 2005, 54.4 million people report some level of disability and 35 million reported a severe disability in 2005.

One provision of the law instructed the FCC to form an advisory committee to produce a report of recommendations to the FCC for closed captioning of Internet-delivered video. The committee--called the Video Programming Accessibility Advisory Committee (VPAAC)--consists of representatives of distributors, providers of video programming; vendors, developers, and manufacturers of systems, facilities, equipment and provision of video delivered using Internet Protocol; consumer electronics; video programming producers; national TV organizations; a group on accessibility; and anyone else the FCC chair deems appropriate.

Ann Marie Rohaly
Dr. Ann Marie Rohaly
Director of Accessibility Standards, Microsoft
Ann Marie Rohaly, who is Director of Accessibility Standards in Microsoft's standards group and a SMPTE fellow, chaired VPAAC, spoke to Creative COW about the work of the committee and how close we are to providing closed captioning.

The make-up of the committee, says Rohaly, is to "capture all the stakeholders that are affected by the requirements in the new law," she says. "How SMPTE fits into this is that the committee was tasked with producing a report of recommendations for the delivery of closed captioning for online programming -- and our report recommended that a SMPTE standard be used."

VPAAC met over a six month period, drafted a set of requirements for any standard and studied existing industry standards and technologies before coming to the conclusion that the SMPTE Timed Text standard--also known as SMPTE 2052--was the technical solution that best met the requirement.


BIRTH OF A STANDARD

The move towards captioning online video actually began in 2006 when a group of companies in the industry--WGBH-TV (Boston), the National Center for Accessible Media, Microsoft, Yahoo, AOL and Google--formed the Internet Captioning Forum. "They all came together because they realized there was going to be a need for a solution and the forum allowed them to explore the issues," explains Rohaly. "They came to the conclusion that an industry standard would be needed to ensure interoperability along the pieces of the chain and to encourage wide-spread adoption." The group then decided that SMPTE was the most appropriate standardization body to undertake the work and, in 2008, sent SMPTE a project proposal.

The result was SMPTE 2052, a common set of instructions for authoring and distributing captions or subtitles for broadband video content. While it ensures commonality among web browsers and devices, it also allows room for innovation without creating interoperability issues. SMPTE compares it to "companies that develop plug-in modules for Web browsers."

SMPTE 2052 is already used in production environments to repurpose TV content for the internet, and is integrated into the Digital Entertainment Content Ecosystem's UltraViolet format as the caption/subtitle format for movie/TV content. SMPTE 2052 is also specified in draft standards for Internet TV delivery in the U.K., France, Germany, Italy and other European countries and is currently used by several video services and internet video players.

To speed up adoption of the closed caption standard, SMPTE made its Timed Text standard available free for download, with the overview document ST 2052-0-2010, the Standard ST 2052-1-2010, and a FAQ document available.


THE FUTURE OF ONLINE CLOSED CAPTIONING

As to the future acceptance of the standard, Rohaly outlines the path. "Right now, the FCC is writing an NPRM, a notice of proposed rule-making," she says. "There will be a period of time for the public to review the proposed regulations and comment on them. The FCC will then study the comments, revise the draft regulations as they deem appropriate and then issue the final regulations."

Because the 21st Century Communications and Video Accessibility Act requires the final regulation to be issued in January 2012, Rohaly believes that the FCC will issue its NPRM in the near future. "They don't have a lot of time between now and January," she says. "They need to leave enough time to solicit and digest comments and update the rules as necessary."


Comments

Re: Article: SMPTE standard put forward for closed captioning of online video
by Jason Livingston
Dear Debra,
Thank you for sharing this article. I would like to e-mail you some comments. Please send me a private message or e-mail "jason at cpcweb dot com" so I can send it to you off-forum (or if you prefer I can post it here directly).

Best regards,

Jason Livingston
CPC Closed Captioning
Re: Article: SMPTE standard put forward for closed captioning of online video
by Tim Wilson
We'd always rather have public discussions, Jason. We know that there are a lot of people interested in this topic, and that there will be even more once they hear what you have to say. :-)

Best,
Tim
Creative COW


Recent Articles / Tutorials:
Business & Marketing
12 Things I Know About Business at 55 That I Wish I'd Known at 25

12 Things I Know About Business at 55 That I Wish I'd Known at 25

12 Things I Know About Business at 55 That I Wish Id Known at 25 appeared in Creative COW Magazine and was one of our most popular articles. It is a true timeless classic in which COW leader, contributing editor, and Senior Business Adviser to Creative COW, Nick Griffin shares wisdom he's learned the hard way in over 30 years in business. His experience will help you to avoid mistakes, manage clients, and prepare yourself to achieve your greatest success.

Editorial, Feature, Business
Nick Griffin
RED Camera
Don Burgess aligns with Light Iron and Panavision for ALLIED

Don Burgess aligns with Light Iron and Panavision for ALLIED

Don Burgess, ASC trusts Light Iron. His last seven films can attest, so Burgess chose Light Iron to support him again with digital dailies and post finishing services on Allied. Directed by Robert Zemeckis and starring Brad Pitt and Marion Cotillard, the World War II-set film sees an intelligence officer's romance with a French Resistance fighter tested when high command thinks a double agent might be in play.


COW News
Autodesk Maya
ZERO FX: The Magic You Won't See In The Magnificent Seven

ZERO FX: The Magic You Won't See In The Magnificent Seven

ZERO FX takes Creative COW readers inside the invisible effects used to create the powerful vistas and settings used in The Magnificent Seven. But the real magic is in what you don't see.


Kayla Millhouse
Art of the Edit
More Than One Path to Success: Senior Editor Mae Manning

More Than One Path to Success: Senior Editor Mae Manning

We talk a lot about things like “accessible tools” and the “democratization of video production” -- what has this meant for the emerging talent whose creative development has taken place largely, or even entirely, within this democratized landscape? Mae Manning is one such editor, who taught herself to edit music videos, and caught the eye of a local production company. Several years later and now their Senior Editor, she cuts corporate and industrial training videos, promotional videos, sketch comedy, short films, and everything else that gets thrown her way. Mae’s story is an inspiration for anyone that thinks there is only one path to success in the industry.

Feature
Kylee Peña
Art of the Edit
How To Create Better Live Surgical Broadcasts

How To Create Better Live Surgical Broadcasts

Greg Ondera produces, directs, and edits medical video programs specializing in surgical procedures. From his wide ranging experience in the medical sciences and broadcast arts, Greg shows you how to create better surgical broadcasts.

Editorial, Tutorial, Feature, Business
Greg Ondera
NAB Show
NAB Show New York 2016: Growing, Yet Still Intimate

NAB Show New York 2016: Growing, Yet Still Intimate

Calling April's NAB Show "overwhelming" is an understatement. The expo that fills the rapidly expanding Las Vegas Convention Center every April topped 103,000 attendees and 1700+ exhibitors in 2 million square feet of exhibit space. The Big Apple's edition of the NAB Show is more bite sized: taking place this week at the Javitz Convention Center, 7000 visitors will be able to engage with 300 exhibitors, along with a variety of new opportunities for in-depth workshops on cutting-edge technologies. Here's a preview of the week's festivities.


COW News
Art of the Edit
Being an Advertising Editor: The Ins & Outs of Agency Work

Being an Advertising Editor: The Ins & Outs of Agency Work

Katie Toomey takes Creative COW members inside the world of the advertising editor, where being a generalist means you are often not only a video editor, but a designer and audio editor, problem solver, as well as tech support professional. Join Katie as she takes you inside her world.

Editorial, Feature, People / Interview
Katie Toomey
Adobe Creative Cloud
Adobe MAX 2016: Breakthroughs in Design and Productivity

Adobe MAX 2016: Breakthroughs in Design and Productivity

You might be excused for thinking that, barely a month since Adobe announced massive updates to their Creative Cloud suite at IBC, there might not be much more to add, except that there’s no way that Adobe would bring 10,000 people to San Diego for the Adobe MAX creativity conference and not have some truly compelling new news. Read on for news of new design tools for app prototyping, photorealistic comping/visualization, the new Adobe Sensei framework of intelligent services built into the entire Creative Cloud Platform, the integration of Reuters video and photography into Adobe Stock’s editorial collection, and, of particular interest to folks working in web video, the introduction of the new Social Publishing Panel within Adobe Premiere Pro.


COW News
Adobe After Effects Expressions
Adobe After Effects Expressions 101

Adobe After Effects Expressions 101

Expressions in Adobe After Effects open up a world of possibilities for your visual effects! Expressions can be daunting when you first get into them, though, as you have to essentially write 'code' - and code can be scary. Join After Effects guru Tobias Gleissenberger of Surfaced Studio for the first in a series covering expressions, from the very basics - all the way through to programming the Matrix!

Tutorial
Tobias Gleissenberger
Microsoft Surface Studio: Does It Out-Mac the Mac?

Microsoft Surface Studio: Does It Out-Mac the Mac?

The day before Apple was set to announce their big news for the year, Microsoft introduced their own big news and for some Mac users -- no, not all but at least some -- it seemed to recall feelings and dreams of old. This is a Microsoft that few saw coming and in their swing for the fences, they have gotten many things right. Will it be enough to plant their flag on the mountain that Apple has long been king of? We'll see.

Review, Editorial, Feature
Ronald Lindeboom
MORE
© 2016 CreativeCOW.net All Rights Reserved
[TOP]